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October 24, 2022 13 min read


The Collie is a medium-sized dog that originated in Scotland. It has a beautiful thick coat and a distinctive face with long ears, which has made it a popular choice for many families since the 1800s. This dog breed is highly intelligent, affectionate and loyal towards their owners. They are also well known for being able to herd sheep as they were originally bred for this purpose.

Collie Breed overview

The Collie is a medium-sized, short-coated, working dog breed. The coat may be of any color or combination of colors. It has been bred primarily for herding stock, but it is increasingly used as a companion dog. It is the strongest herding breed in the world and they were developed to herd sheep, cattle and horses.[2]

The Collie's exact origins are unknown.[3] Some claim that it descended from Celtic dogs,[4][5] however there is no evidence to support this claim[6]. Other theories suggest that the breed evolved long before the Celts arrived in Britain; some say its ancestors came from Asia or even Australia.[7]

Characteristics of the Collie

In the United States, Collies are often used as working dogs. They have a reputation for being intelligent, loyal and affectionate. They also make great family pets because they can be trained to do tricks like fetch and walk on a leash.

Collie dogs are popularly used as therapy dogs because of their calm demeanor and gentle nature with children.

History of the Collie

The Collie is a breed of dog that has been used to herd sheep and cattle since the 19th century. They are still used today in this way, and they make excellent guards due to their protective nature. The breed has also been used as therapy dogs, service dogs, and companion dogs.


The Collie is a long-lived dog with a lifespan of 10 to 12 years. The Collie was originally bred as a herding dog and used in that capacity since the 18th century. The breed also excels at agility and obedience competitions, as well as showing in conformation shows.

The Collie has a long life expectancy for a purebred dog. It has been recorded that the oldest living Collie died at the age of 21years old in England.[1]

Collies are very healthy dogs overall, with relatively few health problems compared to other breeds.[2][3][4]

Collie lying on the ground

Height and Weight of Collie

The average height of a Collie is 20 to 24 inches, with a weight range between 30 and 60 pounds. The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes two different varieties of Collie—rough-coated and smooth-coated.

Although they were originally bred as herding dogs, today's modern Collies are often kept as companions or show dogs.

Collie Appearance and Color Variations

Collie comes in many different color variations, including:

  • Black and white.

  • Blue merle. This is a black-and-white dog with blue eyes and a white patch on its chest.

  • Red merle. This is also a black-and-white puppy with red or copper highlights over their body and head, like freckles; they have copper eyes instead of blue ones like their blue merle cousins do (which makes sense given that "red" refers to the color of either fire or blood).

  • Sable (reddish brown), tricolor (black, tan, white), tri-color (black, tan and white), brindle (stripes/tiger stripes). The sable coat comes from a gene that dilutes black pigment into reddish brown; this gene can be combined with other genes to create other colors such as reds or whites within the same litter! Like most dogs though these colors are not common because most dogs have darker coats than what we see here but still pretty cool nonetheless :)

Collie Personality

Collie is a loyal and friendly dog, who thrives in a family setting. They are an athletic breed that requires regular exercise and training to keep them happy and healthy. A Collie should not be left alone for long periods of time, as they quickly become bored or destructive when left alone for too long.

A Collie can make an excellent watchdog because of their protective nature and tendency to bark at strangers approaching the house or yard. However, if you don't like barking dogs or if your neighbors dislike it, this may not be the best choice for you.

The intelligence level of Collies makes them easy to train even for novice owners; however, they require frequent praise and rewards during training sessions in order to maintain motivation. Without proper reinforcement throughout the learning process (such as treats), your Collie will quickly lose interest and cease working toward completing tasks such as sitting down on command without pulling on a leash while walking outside together with you!

Collie Temperament

The Collie is a loyal and loving dog that makes a great family pet. These dogs are very intelligent and learn quickly, making them easy to train. Collies are also good watchdogs, but will not alert you when strangers come around unless the situation seems threatening. They tend to be sensitive dogs that can easily get stressed out in new situations or environments.

Where to adopt or buy a Collie?

  • Pet stores

  • Breeders

  • Adoption shelters

What’s the price of Collie?

The price of a Collie depends on a lot of factors. There are breeders who sell their puppies for $250 and others who sell them for $2,000. The price also depends on the age and size of your puppy, as well as its health (if it has been examined by vets). If you want to buy a Collie from Europe instead of America, then the price will probably be lower because they’re not exported as much by European breeders.

Pros of Collie

  • Collie is a very intelligent and loyal dog.

  • Collie is a good family dog.

  • Collie is a good watchdog.

  • Collie is a good companion dog.

  • Collie is a good hunting dog, which makes it an excellent choice for active families who love the outdoors!

Cons of Collie

Collie dogs are a high-energy breed that needs plenty of exercise. If your dog doesn't get enough physical activity, he could get destructive or hyperactive.

Collies are also a herding breed, meaning they're very protective of their families. This means that if someone unfamiliar comes into your house, your collie might bark at them or even attack them!

Collie lying on the lawn

Things to know if you own a Collie

  • Collies are highly energetic and need a lot of exercise.

  • They also need a lot of attention, so they're not the best choice if you're looking for a dog you can leave alone all day while you go to work.

  • Collies are very loyal and protective dogs, making them good guard dogs. However, they aren't aggressive towards strangers by nature—if anything, they'll happily approach any new person in hopes that he or she will play with them!

  • Collies are great with children because they have gentle temperaments that make it easy for children to be around them without getting hurt accidentally; however, it's important not to let young children handle puppies before their bones have fully developed in order for them not break easily during playtime (this can happen if an adult picks up the puppy incorrectly).

Diet and nutrition of Collie

The Collie is a medium-sized dog with a lifespan of 10 to 12 years. It has an average height of 18 to 23 inches and weighs between 60 and 75 pounds. The breed has a muscular build, with long, straight, smooth coat that is usually black, blue, or gray in color.


  • Just like any other dog, the Collie needs to be groomed regularly. Brushing your Collie's coat is the best way to keep it clean, but you should also check for fleas on a daily basis.

  • The Collie is an active breed that loves to run and play fetch. To keep your dog healthy and happy, make sure he gets plenty of exercise each day—approximately 20 minutes per day for young puppies and up to two hours per day for adult dogs.

  • Collies are typically eager learners and respond well to training methods such as clicker training or positive reinforcement (like treats). If you're not sure how to train your pet on basic commands like sit and stay, there are many resources available online or in person at local pet stores that can help with this process!


  • How much exercise do Collies need?

  • How often should you walk your dog?

  • What are the best ways to exercise a Collie?

  • Should you take your dog for a jog or for a walk in the park?


There is a lot to keep in mind when training a Collie. They have lots of energy, so they need lots of exercise and play time! It's important to make sure that they are learning at the same pace as your other pets or children, as they sometimes don't know their own strength.

It's also important to get them used to being around other people when they're young so that it doesn't become a problem later on in life. If you're thinking about adopting a Collie-type dog into your family, please take some time out before making this choice - consider what kind of lifestyle would best suit them!


Collie dogs are medium-sized, intelligent, and gentle. They have a short coat that is easy to care for and a silky undercoat that sheds heavily once or twice per year.

  • Brush your Collie regularly: Brush your dog at least once a week to remove dead hair and prevent tangles. If you have long hair, consider using a dematting tool every few days to prevent mats from forming.

  • Bathe only when necessary: Unless your Collie gets really dirty (e.g., rolling around in mud), only bathe him as needed—weekly or biweekly at most—to avoid drying out his skin or disturbing his natural oils. Use warm water with a pH-balanced shampoo formulated specifically for canines; because these products are designed specifically for canine use rather than human use, they're less likely to irritate sensitive skin than their human counterparts would be!

Collie FAQs

How often should you bathe a Collie?

How often you should bathe your collie depends on their coat type. With long hair, you'll want to bathe them at least once a month. If they have short hair and don't get dirty much, they can go 3-4 weeks without a bath.

Are the Collie dogs good for families?

Collie dogs are a great choice for families because they are very loyal and protective, as well as not aggressive. They love playing with their owners and other family members, especially children. These Collie dogs need to be around people for most of the day, so if you have a busy schedule or don't get home from work until late in the evening, then this might not be the best dog breed for you.

Collie dogs also love being active—they're super energetic and playful! If you want to take your dog hiking or running on a daily basis, this is definitely a good choice because once they get going they won't stop until they've worn themselves out (which could take quite some time). But if your idea of an ideal Sunday afternoon includes lounging by the pool while drinking margaritas instead of hiking through mud puddles with your pup...then perhaps another pup would serve better!

Dose Collie get along with other pets?

Dose Collie get along with other pets?

Collie dogs are very social and get along with other pets. They can live comfortably in a house with cats, birds and small animals like hamsters. If you have a Collie dog, try to expose your pet to as many animals as possible when they are young. This will help them become accustomed to living in a multi-pet household later on!

If your Collie is an indoor pet, he/she may want some company from time to time during the day. You can keep him/her busy by teaching him tricks or playing fetch games with his favorite ball or toy (which should be made out of the same material as the balls used for playing soccer). In addition, if your dog spends most of its time indoors then it's likely he/she will know how to play fetch without needing any direction from you!

Collie puppies for sale

Do Collie bark a lot?

The Collie is a breed of dog that is known to be very vocal. They will bark at people, other animals, and even objects. This behavior comes from their protective nature of their owners and their territory. They will bark to alert their owner when they sense danger or when strangers come into the area to let them know there is something going on around them that should be investigated further.

The Collie does have a unique barking sound too; it isn't quite as high-pitched as other breeds like the Poodle or Dalmatian but it definitely has its own distinct tone that makes it easy for people who have spent time around this breed before to identify who it might be without having to look over at what's happening!

Are Collies aggressive?

Collies are not aggressive by nature. They are, however, a very loyal dog that will protect their family and territory. If you take care to train your Collie well and have him socialized with other dogs, he will not be aggressive.

Are Collies high maintenance?

First and foremost, Collies require regular grooming. Their hair grows long and can be prone to mats if it's not kept in good condition. They also need daily exercise; they're energetic and love to run, so if you don't have time to take them on walks or play fetch with them, consider getting another breed.

Collies are not suitable for apartment living. They need space in order to stretch their legs after sitting around all day. While they do enjoy human companionship, they aren't overly dependent on people—they can get plenty of fulfillment by simply running around outside or playing ball with you as well!

Finally, Collies are a working dog breed that require training from an early age (and throughout their life). If you don't already know how  to train your dog properly then I suggest looking into classes near you (or hiring someone who does). A well-trained collie is a happy collie!

Do Collie shed?

Yes, the Collie dog sheds year-round. However, if you have a Collie in warm weather, he will shed less than if you had him in cold weather. This is because the spring and fall seasons usually bring about more changes in temperatures than any other time of year and also because your dog's coat will change with the seasons as well.

You may notice that your Collie sheds more at different times of year based on where you live. In areas where summers are hot and humid (like Florida), dogs tend to shed less during this season than they do when it's colder out—but they still shed!

How smart is a Collie?

The average Collie is considered one of the smartest dogs in the world, and it earns its title as “shepherd” with its keen sense of direction and ability to herd sheep. These abilities are not just skills that can be learned—they are innate traits that you should expect from your dog if you adopt one. If you have trained your Collie well, it will know where to go when there's work to do or when there's another animal nearby that needs herding!

Are Collies good walking dogs?

Collies are very good walking dogs. If you like to walk, then this is the dog for you. However, there is one caveat: Collies are not very active indoors and will often become bored and frustrated if they don’t get enough exercise outdoors. If you plan on taking your Collie on long walks every day or regularly going for hikes in the woods or mountains, then this breed may be perfect for you! If however, like most adults with fulltime jobs who live in cities where space is limited, then your options are more limited since most apartment buildings do not allow pets over 25lbs (11kg).

If however; like most adults with fulltime jobs who live in cities where space is limited; then your options are more limited since most apartment buildings do not allow pets over 25lbs (11kg).

Can Collie swim?

The Collie is a dog that can swim. It can swim in salt water and fresh water; it can swim in hot water as well as cold water.

Do Collie like to cuddle?

Collie's are very affectionate dogs and they love to cuddle. They like being around people and other dogs, so they are not aggressive dogs.

The Collie is a breed that likes to be close to their owner, or as close as possible at all times! This makes them the perfect dog for an apartment or condo living situation where they can follow you around and still feel part of the family.

If you have a small child in your house, this may not be the right breed for your family because these dogs tend to herd children if they don't know them well enough yet (it's instinctual!). If your children are older than 6 years old then I wouldn't worry about this issue at all since most collies will be more willing to hang out with kids by then (but always supervise any interactions).

2 Collie dogs together

Are Collies clingy?

The Collie is a very loyal dog and loves to be around their owners. They are affectionate, loyal, and will make you feel like the most important person in their lives. This dog is great with kids and seniors, but they should not be left alone for long periods of time as they can become depressed without proper exercise or human interaction.

The breed does not like being left alone for long periods of time so it's important that you make an effort to keep your dog busy when you can't be home with them. The Collie has entered into pop culture due to its popularity as a pet in fiction such as Lassie and films such as 101 Dalmations.

Are Collies good house dogs?

Collies are excellent house dogs, especially if you're looking for a puppy that's not going to destroy your home or get into trouble. They're also great with children and other animals, so they're perfect if you have kids or another pet in the family. If you've never owned a dog before and want to get started with something easy, Collies are the ideal choice.

If you love dogs but aren't sure which breed is right for you, consider the Collie—it has all the qualities of being a good house dog with none of the drawbacks!

Are Collies hypoallergenic?

The Collie is not hypoallergenic.

Collie fur is non-shedding, but it can still cause allergies in some people. The reason for this is because of its coarse and wiry texture, which causes the hair to tangle in the airways of your nose and throat when you breathe. This can lead to an allergic reaction, including a runny nose or sneezing fits that occur throughout your day.

There are many breeds of dog that do not shed much at all (or don't shed at all), so you might want to consider one of these alternatives if you suffer from allergies or asthma as well as wanting a pet companion:

AKC recognized breeds without any shedding:* Affenpinschers* American Eskimo Dogs* Bedlington Terriers* Chinese Crested Dogs* English Toy SpanielsOther: Basenjis; Bichon Frises; Poodles


Collie dogs are great family pets and they love to be around their human family. They will make your life better if you treat them well. If you have the time to spend with them and exercise, then a Collie is an excellent choice for your next furry friend!

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