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October 24, 2022 13 min read


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a large breed of dog that has its origins in the Russian Caucasus. The breed is often referred to as the Caucasian Ovtcharka or the Russian Bear Dog, although these names are also used for other breeds of dog. The name "Caucasian Shepherd" was first used by American breeders in the early 20th century, and this name was later adopted by many other countries worldwide.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Breed overview

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a large dog with a life expectancy of about 10 years. It is very intelligent, loyal and protective. They are energetic, active and strong. Caucasian Shepherds have good temperaments that make them great with children; however, they can be aggressive towards other dogs of the same gender or if not socialized properly from an early age.

Characteristics of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog (also known as the Caucasian Ovcharka) is a medium to large-sized breed that is commonly used as a guard dog and flock guardian. It’s also one of the few naturally occurring breeds that have not been bred for appearance purposes, so they can look much different from one animal to another.

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog looks intimidating at first glance but has a very gentle temperament once it gets to know you. They are very protective of their owners and family members, making them suitable for families with children. Their instinctive desire to protect means they don’t need training—the breed will naturally grow into an excellent guard dog if left alone with your family or property, but this may take some time since they are quite stubborn!

History of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, also known as the Caucasian Ovcharka and Kangal, is a large breed of dog that originated in the Caucasus region. Their name comes from the mountain range between Europe and Central Asia where they were bred by shepherds to protect their livestock.

The breed was first recognized by the Kennel Club in Great Britain in 1913, but its history goes back much further than that—they are thought to have been developed as early as 6000 BC. They have been used for everything from guarding flocks against predators like wolves or bears (which are still common in parts of Russia where these dogs live) to pulling carts full of produce out of fields or cattle out of snowbanks during wintertime.


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog has a lifespan of 7-10 years and may live longer if they are healthy. Most dogs live around 9 years, but some can live up to 12 years.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog for sale near me

Height and Weight of Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a large dog that can reach upwards of 35 inches tall and weigh up to 100 pounds. As with all breeds, the ideal weight and height will vary depending on various factors including age, sex, health and lifestyle.

The most accurate way to measure your Caucasian Shepherd Dog is by measuring their height at the withers (the highest point of the back). The withers are located just behind where the neck meets the back. It's important not to get too hung up on exact measurements though; as long as you know where your dog stands in relation to other dogs his size then you'll be fine!

As far as what constitutes an "ideal" weight goes, there's no one right answer here either. It depends largely on how active your dog is and how much exercise they get on a regular basis -- so if you're unsure whether or not he's at a healthy size yet then talk with your vet about what might be best for him specifically based upon his lifestyle needs!

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Appearance and Color Variations

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a large breed of dog. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog has a thick double coat that consists of a short, dense undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. The hair on their backs may grow as long as 2 inches (5 cm). Their coat can be found in white, black, or brown colors with or without markings. The color of the coat can vary depending on the region in which they live.

Caucasian Shepherds have long faces with very broad skulls, high-set ears that are triangular in shape with rounded tips and pointed tips at the bottom, dark eyes set far apart with medium-sized nostrils set towards their muzzles

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Personality

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is one of the most loyal and protective dogs. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is also known for being strong-willed, independent, and has a high energy level. They make excellent companions but can be difficult to train. If you're looking for a dog that will stay by your side through the good times and bad times, then this might be the breed for you!

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs have been used in search-and-rescue missions across Europe since they were first introduced into North America during World War II. This breed was originally bred to guard sheep from predators like wolves and bears; however, these dogs also make great companions for families who enjoy hiking trails or participating in other outdoor activities such as camping trips with friends on weekends away from home (or even just hanging out at home!).

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Temperament

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog temperament is very energetic, intelligent and active. They have a strong prey drive and are very protective of their families. Their loyalty to their owners is unparalleled, making them great companions for families with children or other animals.

However, they can be aggressive towards strangers and may attack if threatened or provoked. The breed does not bark much in general but will emit a low growl when confronted by an intruder or stranger on their property..

Where to adopt or buy a Caucasian Shepherd Dog?

You can adopt or buy a Caucasian Shepherd Dog from the following locations:

  • Local dog rescue centers and shelters.

  • SPCA.org (Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals).

  • Humane Society.org (Humane Society International).

What’s the price of Caucasian Shepherd Dog?

The price of a Caucasian Shepherd Dog is dependent on the breeder and country. The average cost is between $1,000 and $2,000. The cost can range from $50 to $5,000 depending on the quality of the dog.

Pros of Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a loyal and protective dog. It is a good watchdog, guard dog and family dog. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog has also been used as a companion animal.

Cons of Caucasian Shepherd Dog

  • Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are not suitable for first-time dog owners.

  • Caucasian Shepherd Dogs can be aggressive towards other dogs.

  • Caucasian Shepherd Dogs can be aggressive towards strangers.

  • Caucasian Shepherd Dogs can be aggressive towards children.

Black Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Things to know if you own a Caucasian Shepherd Dog

If you're thinking of getting a Caucasian Shepherd Dog, here are some things to know:

  • Feeding is an important part of keeping your dog healthy and happy. Your puppy will need to be fed three times a day from the time he/she is weaned until he/she reaches six months old. Then, you can transition to feeding two meals per day for the rest of his/her life. Make sure that he/she has plenty of fresh water available at all times. The amount of food that your Caucasian Shepherd eats will vary depending on age, health conditions, environment etc; however as a general rule puppies should get about 1-1 ½ cups of dry food per 10 pounds body weight daily with adults consuming between 4-6 cups per day depending on activity level and breed type (i.e., working dogs tend to need more calories than pet household companions).

  • Training is also an important part of having your Caucasian Shepherd Dog well adjusted in its environment! Be patient while training because they are intelligent but stubborn dogs who enjoy doing their own thing sometimes! Start training right away when they come home so they don't get used to doing whatever they want all day long even though it might take longer than usual due to their stubbornness...you'll see progress eventually!!

Diet and nutrition of Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a very active dog, which means that they need both the proper diet and nutrition.

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog diet should consist of high-quality food with quality ingredients. The right amount of protein and fat is essential for the health and well-being of your pet. It is also important to note whether the food contains preservatives or fillers, as these can cause harm to your pet over time.

The most ideal situation would be if you were able to prepare all meals at home using fresh ingredients, but many owners do not have time for this type of preparation due to busy schedules or other commitments outside of their dogs’ needs; in such cases commercial foods are often used instead.[1]


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a high energy dog. You will need to give your Caucasian Shepherd Dog plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep him happy, healthy and well behaved.

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are very intelligent dogs that can learn quickly when trained properly. They are very protective of their family and make good guard dogs because they bark at strangers. They also tend to be territorial, so it’s important that you socialize them well with other dogs and people before taking them out in public places like parks or sidewalks where there may be other animals walking by as well as children playing on the grass nearby.


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a very energetic and active breed, so it's important to give your dog plenty of exercise. They do best when they have access to an enclosed yard or area in which they can run, play and get their energy out. If you don't have space for a yard, then walking them on a leash will also do the trick.

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs love being outside and playing with their owners! They are often referred to as “a real-life superdog” because they can do everything from herd sheep to being used as guard dogs by some military forces around the world!


Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are very intelligent and easy to train. They are not good guard dogs as they are extremely loyal to their families, but they can be trained to do tricks.


Brushing your dog's coat regularly will help keep it clean and healthy. Some dogs need to be brushed every day, while others can go weeks without needing a brush. If you're not sure when to brush your Cossack, ask your vet or groomer for advice. They will know what tool is best for your dog's fur type and how often he needs to be brushed.

Brush with long strokes in the direction of the hair growth (downward for double coats). This distributes the natural oils from the skin throughout their coat, which helps prevent tangles and mats from forming.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog FAQs

How often should you bathe a Caucasian Shepherd Dog?

The answer to this question depends on the individual animal and the breed. Some Caucasian Shepherds are able to go months without needing a bath, while others need weekly baths to stay clean and healthy. If your dog has long hair, you may want to consider getting him groomed regularly so that he doesn’t get too matted or dirty before his next bath.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog puppy for sale

Are the Caucasian Shepherd Dog dogs good for families?

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a great family dog. These dogs are affectionate, loyal and protective of their family. They can be territorial so they should be introduced to new people and other animals slowly. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog makes a good watchdog as they tend to bark when there are strangers around. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is intelligent and easy to train which makes them a wonderful companion for families that have children or elderly people living with them.

Dose Caucasian Shepherd Dog get along with other pets?

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are loyal and protective. While they are great with children, they should be supervised when around them to prevent accidental injuries. They need early socialization to make sure that they know how to interact with other dogs, cats and other pets.

Do Caucasian Shepherd Dog bark a lot?

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is not known to bark a lot. If you're looking for a dog that barks a lot, get a small dog. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog, on the other hand, will not be barking all day long like some breeds like the Beagle or Jack Russell Terrier do. In fact, if you are looking for an excellent guard dog and one that does not bark at all hours of the day and night then this breed may be a good choice for you!

The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is an intelligent breed that can learn tricks very easily if taught from an early age (just like any other breed). They are very loyal dogs but they also have their own will which means they will disobey if they feel like it's necessary to do so in order to protect themselves or their family members."

Are Caucasian Shepherd Dogs aggressive?

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are very loyal and protective dogs. They can be aggressive towards other dogs, but they generally get along with other animals. Their temperament varies from dog to dog, so it’s important to train your Caucasian Shepherd correctly.

Are Caucasian Shepherd Dogs high maintenance?

As a Caucasian Shepherd Dog owner, you'll be happy to know that your dog is not high maintenance. They are easy to care for and do not require much attention.

Caucasian Shepherds are not aggressive dogs, but they will defend their family if necessary. If you're looking for a guard dog, look elsewhere because this breed isn't suited for this task at all! On the other hand, if you want an active family companion who's great with children, then the Caucasian Shepherd is perfect for you!

The Caucasian Shepherd is notoriously low-maintenance when it comes to grooming needs—just give them regular baths (once or twice per month) and brush their coat once every two weeks using a soft bristle brush or rubber curry comb (never use metal brushes).

Do Caucasian Shepherd Dog shed?

Yes, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog sheds a lot. They shed all year long and it's important to brush them regularly.

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs tend to shed more than other breeds of dogs, but not as much as some breeds like Golden Retrievers or German Shepherds.

How smart is a Caucasian Shepherd Dog?

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are intelligent dogs. They can be trained to do many things. Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are very active and energetic, so they need a lot of exercise every day. However, they aren't very friendly with strangers or other animals unless they've been socialized well with them starting when they're puppies (see below). It's important to get your Caucasian Shepherd Dog used to meeting new people and other pets as soon as possible because this will help prevent issues later on in life when you have more responsibilities (for example: having children) that bring more people into your home regularly. Your Caucasian Shepherd Dog will also become less shy around new people or dogs if you take him/her out into public places frequently when he/she is young so he/she can get used to being around others without feeling threatened by them!

Are Caucasian Shepherd Dogs good walking dogs?

A Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a strong and energetic dog that needs to be walked regularly. If you live in an apartment, or if you don't have time to walk your Caucasian Shepherd Dog every day, this breed might not be perfect for you.

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are also not good for people who want dogs that are easy to walk on leash. Caucasian Shepherds tend to pull on their leashes when they're excited or curious about something in the environment; this makes walking them outside more challenging than with some breeds of dog. If this sounds like it would be difficult for you as well as your new pet, then a different type of canine companion may be better suited for your lifestyle.

Can Caucasian Shepherd Dog swim?

Yes, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs can swim. They are excellent swimmers and have webbed paws which help them to swim faster and more efficiently. So, they are great as water dogs because they love to swim and they're very good at it!

Caucasian Shepherd Dog on the lawn

Do Caucasian Shepherd Dog like to cuddle?

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are affectionate and loyal. They love to be around their owners, and they’re not independent. If you want a dog that will cuddle up on the couch with you while you watch TV or sit in the yard watching your kids play, then this is a great choice for you!

If space is an issue, though, this might not be the best breed for your lifestyle. These dogs need lots of attention from humans and tend to be very protective of their family members—so if someone tries to break into your house or attack one of your kids at school or elsewhere outside, then these dogs could become aggressive quickly because they think it’s their job (and responsibility) to protect their family members from danger.

Are Caucasian Shepherd Dogs clingy?

First, let's establish that Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are not clingy. They're a loyal and loving breed, but they don't need to be with you constantly. If you leave the house and go on vacation, they will be happy to see you when you return.

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs can live happily in an apartment or a house with a large yard—ideally one where there are other dogs or kids for them to play with because they love both! They are very intelligent dogs so training them is easier than many other breeds (though still requires patience).

Are Caucasian Shepherd Dogs good house dogs?

Yes! These dogs are a great fit for families with children, people with allergies and people who live in small yards.

Are Caucasian Shepherd Dogs hypoallergenic?

Before you get excited about being able to own a Caucasian Shepherd Dog without sneezing, be aware that this isn't the case. While it's true that Caucasian Shepherds are less likely to trigger an allergic reaction than other breeds, they still have thick coats and shed just like any other dog. So if you're not interested in cleaning up after your pet, steer clear of these guys—they make great guard dogs but not so good pets for allergy sufferers or small children!


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a great breed for those who want a companion that is loyal, strong and intelligent. They are also good with children and other pets if properly trained. If you are looking for an active dog that can protect your family from intruders, this may be the perfect breed for you.

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